Copyright is a law (Copyright Act 1968), which gives people who create particular types of material exclusive rights over that material. ACU supports the legislation through its Intellectual Property Policy.
written works (books, journals, magazines, websites, poems, newspapers, data forms, lyrics)
artistic works (art, photos, sculptures, digital images, graphic art, memes, maps, plans)
When students copy material to use in their research and study, they call upon the Fair Dealing for research and study to enable them to encroach upon the copyright owners rights. This ability has rights and obligation including how much can be copied.
When researchers undertake research, they also call upon the Fair Dealing for research and study to enable them to encroach upon the copyright owners rights. This also comes with rights and obligations. Funding contracts can vary ownership or place additional obligations. Publishing findings then presents researchers with choices regarding management of the copyright.
When academics teach they call upon different parts of the law to share material with students. The process of photocopying or scanning and putting into LEO for students is not a fair dealing for research and study, it is a professional educational activity.